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In Vermont, women must obtain written permission from their husbands to wear false teeth (6%)8.In Milan, it is a legal requirement to smile at all times, except funerals or hospital visits (5%)9. The Secretary of State has a number of statutory responsibilities under the National Health Service Act 1977 to ensure that, where possible, a free and comprehensive health service is provided in England and Wales to improve both the physical and mental health of the people of the country and to prevent, diagnose and treat illnesses. The government has recently introduced a National Service Framework, which provides that healthcare services for children should be designed and delivered around the particular needs of children. The framework intends “to lead to a cultural shift, resulting in services being designed and delivered around the needs of children and families.” Healthcare facilities are free and available for British children and infants, and the rate of infant mortality is relatively low, with 3,368 infant deaths (under one year of age) registered in England and Wales in 2006, at a rate of five per 1,000 live births. The National Service Framework regarding pre- and postnatal care of infants has been welcomed by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.The policy aims to provide mothers with a choice of either a midwife or a doctor for prenatal care; a choice of place of birth between a home birth, midwife centre birth, or a hospital birth with a doctor or a midwife.
Although consent is normally a defence in sex offences, a child under 13 is presumed to be too young to give informed consent.
The age of majority typically ranges from between sixteen years of age (in which school no longer becomes mandatory) to eighteen years of age (for voting rights and the consumption of alcohol).
Children’s rights are provided by a large number of laws – some that specifically were enacted to protect children, and others that contain just a few sections that pertain to children but provide them with essential rights.
This Act introduces the term ‘parental responsibility’ rather than the common law concept of custody.
Parental responsibility is defined as “all the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities and authority which by law a parent has in relation to the child and his property.” The age of majority for children in England and Wales varies; there are many age related rules that distinguish between children of different ages for different purposes.